Impacted canine teeth can cause many oral health issues and compromise the appearance of your smile.
The longer canines remain impacted, the more likely they are to cause problems. Fortunately, several treatments can correct this issue.
How do I know if I need to worry about impacted canines?
Canine teeth (the long, pointed teeth next to the incisors) typically erupt between ages 11 and 12. If by age 14 or 15, they still have not appeared or the baby tooth is still in place, you may need treatment for impaction.
Generally, by age 10, children should have a bulge in the location where the canines are going to erupt. This lump should appear on the front of the gums, not on the soft palate.
In some cases, canine teeth can start to grow in crooked, sideways, or backward. These are signs of impaction and may require treatment.
What does an impaction look like?
When a tooth is impacted, it means the tooth is caught in the jaw or under the gums, meaning visible signs of issues are less likely.
If you suspect impacted canines, it is a good idea to schedule an appointment with your dentist for an x-ray.
Is there a way to tell if I'm at risk for impacted canines?
Studies show that canine impaction is about twice as common in females than in males.
Certain genetic factors can also affect how your canine teeth erupt. If a close family member had impacted canines, it is more likely you will also develop this condition.
What causes canine teeth to become impacted?
A common reason canines fail to erupt is jaw space. For many patients with impacted canines, the tooth is too large to fit in the available space. This may happen because the jaw is crowded or too small.
Baby teeth act as guides for adult teeth. If the baby tooth falls out too early or too late, it can affect the ability of the permanent tooth to grow in properly.
Extra teeth, abnormal growths on the soft tissue, or other issues can all interfere with the proper eruption of canine teeth.
Are impacted canines unusual?
How will my dentist tell if my tooth is impacted?
If your doctor suspects one or more of your canine teeth are impacted, he or she will likely take a panoramic x-ray. In some cases, your dentist may also use a cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scan to assess damage to neighboring teeth and the amount of bone around the impacted tooth. This information can help your dentist determine the cause of the impaction and the best treatment method.
Generally, the older a patient is, the less likely canine teeth will be to erupt on their own.
Is there any way to avoid serious issues?
The American Association of Orthodontists (AAO) recommends all children undergo an orthodontic evaluation no later than age seven. This appointment allows an orthodontist to spot potential issues with canine teeth before they become a problem.
Some individuals have a condition known as hyperdontia, which causes extra teeth to grow. These extra teeth can cause overcrowding and prevent canine teeth from erupting properly. Removing these teeth early can help prevent impaction.
More and more orthodontists recommend children undergo early treatment to help ensure the jaw develops properly. Interceptive treatment can include braces, palatal expanders, or other devices that create enough space in the jaw for all teeth to erupt at the right time and in the right place.
Is early treatment really that important?
Braces or other orthodontic treatments can create space for the canine teeth to erupt and then guide them into place. Adults may need a minor procedure to expose the impacted canine and place a bracket to pull it into position.
Are braces my only option?
What should I do?
If you are concerned about impacted canines, make an appointment. Your doctor can assess your issues and determine the best way to maintain the health and beauty of your smile.
Dr Perry is a great dentist. Very kind and informative. I feel like he is personally invested in my health. He always takes the time to sit and discuss any issues I'm having - I never feel like they're rushing me out.